A perennial favorite thriving in cooler climates, rhubarb brings versatility and a unique taste to our dining tables. As an ingredient, rhubarb can take center stage in pies, crumbles, or even homemade rhubarb gin or juice concentrate. The success and health of your rhubarb plants, however, greatly depend on companion planting – a practice that can ensure their maximum yield throughout a lifespan of up to a decade. Identifying the ideal companion plants for rhubarb may seem complicated due to the existence of both beneficial and harmful options, but this guide simplifies the process, providing essential information to make the best choice for your rhubarb plants.
Understanding Companion Planting
Companion planting is an ancient and effective gardening technique that involves growing crops in close proximity for the benefit of at least one of the plant varieties. Originating centuries ago, this method efficiently maximizes the use of gardening space, making it both cost-effective and suitable for gardeners operating in limited spaces. It’s also an organic alternative to pesticides, falling under the umbrella of polyculture.
The benefits of companion planting depend on the specific plants used in each situation. One historical and popular technique that showcases these benefits is the ‘Three Sisters’ method, first utilized by Native Americans. This method involves combining bean, sweetcorn, and squash plants. The taller sweetcorn plants offer a natural support structure for climbing beans, while the squash plants form a ground canopy with their large leaves, cooling the soil, suppressing weeds, and retaining soil moisture. Additionally, the beans fix nitrogen in the soil, facilitating the swift and healthy growth of squash and sweetcorn.
Benefits of Companion Planting
Companion planting introduces numerous benefits for growers and the environment, maximizing garden space and promoting biodiversity.
- Attracting Beneficial Insects: Companion plants, especially flowers and herbs, not only beautify the garden but also attract pollinators and other beneficial predatory insects. The vibrant and aromatic plants lure pollinators for assistance in pollination, leading to increased food production.
- Providing Support: Taller plants like sunflowers or sweetcorn can be used as natural supports for climbing plants such as beans and squash.
- Saving Space: Regardless of the size of your growing space, companion planting can enhance space utilization. This method capitalizes on soil that would have otherwise been left unused, encouraging plant diversity and leading to larger harvests.
Companion Planting Considerations
All plants are not equal when it comes to companion planting. Some combinations may prove unsuitable due to plant size, growing conditions, nutrient requirements, or the ability to attract or repel pests. For instance, while mint can deter pests due to its strong aroma, it grows quickly and can become invasive in garden beds or borders. Mint can still serve as a companion plant, but should ideally be grown in pots to prevent it from taking over.
Similarly, large perennials such as sage or rosemary can consume considerable space, limiting the variety of crops that can be grown alongside. Therefore, planning and consideration are crucial before embarking on the planting process.
Ideal Companion Plants for Rhubarb
When planting rhubarb, it’s essential to remember that it thrives in sunlight but prefers cooler weather. It’s a heavy feeder, so companion plants offering additional nutrients are beneficial. Also, rhubarb likes moist soil, so plants that can shade the soil around it or serve as a cover crop to maintain soil moisture make good companions. Here are some ideal choices:
Fruits and Vegetables
- Beets: Enhance the flavor of rhubarb and prevent the stalks from becoming woody. The low-growing nature of beets also prevents ground compaction around rhubarb plants, while rhubarb’s large leaves offer them shade during hot weather.
- Beans: As beans can absorb and release nitrogen into the soil, they can provide additional nutrients for nutrient-loving rhubarb.
- Garlic: Helps deter pests such as whiteflies, aphids, and ants that pose a threat to rhubarb due to its strong odor.
- Strawberries: They work as a cover crop around the rhubarb plants, maintaining ground moisture and providing weed-suppressing ground cover.
Herbs and Flowers
- Dill: Its strong scent can ward off pests such as aphids and whiteflies, and it can attract beneficial insects.
- Marigolds: Apart from adding color and fragrance, they attract pollinators and deter pests.
- Chamomile: Its presence can deter slugs and snails, which are attracted to the moist, cool conditions preferred by rhubarb.
Plants to Avoid with Rhubarb
Certain plants can adversely impact rhubarb when used as companions. Notably:
- Sunflowers: Despite being beneficial for many garden plants, sunflowers attract ‘rhubarb curculio’, a pest that can harm rhubarb.
- Fennel: It releases toxins that can stunt rhubarb’s growth and increase its susceptibility to pests and diseases.
- Pumpkins: Their sprawling vines can block light and airflow for rhubarb, and their nutrient-heavy feeding can compete with rhubarb’s nutritional needs.
By thoughtfully implementing the concepts of companion planting, you can create a thriving garden with robust rhubarb plants, resulting in bountiful harvests for many years to come.