The Omnivorous Diet of Squirrels: What Do They Really Eat?

Squirrels, belonging to the Sciuridae family, are renowned for their bushy tails and nimble acrobatics. An intriguing aspect of these fascinating creatures is their diverse diet. Though many of us visualize a squirrel nibbling on a nut, their dietary habits extend beyond just that. These adaptable mammals are omnivores, and their dietary patterns vary based on their species and the food available in their habitat.

Do Squirrels Eat Meat?

Surprising as it may be, squirrels do consume meat. While it’s not a significant portion of their diet, squirrels have been observed to eat small birds, young snakes, and smaller rodents, particularly when plant-based food is scarce. This flexible dietary habit allows squirrels to survive in various environments.

Squirrels and Birds: Do Squirrels Eat Birds and Bird Eggs?

Squirrels have been known to eat bird eggs and occasionally small, young birds, particularly in situations of scarce food availability. Predation on nests is relatively rare but can occur when other food sources are not readily available. They’re opportunistic feeders and will exploit this food source if necessary.

Nut Consumption: What Nuts Do Squirrels Eat?

Nuts are a primary food source for squirrels. They are particularly fond of acorns, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, and pistachios. Nuts not only provide them with necessary nutrients but also help keep their teeth sharp and healthy. They often bury excess nuts, which they dig up later in times of scarcity.

Do Squirrels Eat Fruits and Vegetables?

Absolutely, squirrels have a broad diet that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables. They consume apples, strawberries, grapes, and tomatoes, among other fruits. These foods are rich in vitamins and water, which are essential for their health.

Do Squirrels Eat Peanuts?

Yes, squirrels do eat peanuts. However, peanuts, like other human-provided foods, should only be given in moderation as they are not as nutritious as the natural foods squirrels would typically find in their habitats.


Can squirrels eat all types of nuts?

While squirrels are fond of many types of nuts, they should not be given certain nuts, like macadamia nuts and black walnuts, as they can be harmful.

Why do squirrels bury their food?

Squirrels bury their food, a behavior known as caching, to store it for future use, particularly during winter when food sources are scarce.

What types of meat do squirrels eat?

Squirrels have been observed eating small birds, young snakes, and even smaller rodents. However, this is not a significant part of their diet and usually occurs when other food sources are scarce.

Is it harmful to feed squirrels?

Feeding squirrels, especially food meant for human consumption, can be harmful as it may not provide the nutrients they need and can lead to health issues. It's best to let them find their own food in their natural habitat.

Can squirrels eat fruits with seeds or pits?

Yes, squirrels can eat fruits with seeds or pits. However, certain types of seeds or pits, like those from cherries or apricots, can be harmful and should be avoided.

In conclusion, squirrels exhibit diverse eating habits, spanning from plant-based foods like nuts and fruits to occasional meat. Their flexibility in diet allows them to adapt to a variety of environments and survive in different conditions.

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